The Human Microbiome. A talk by Leigh Edwards.
The Human Microbiome is the ecological community of commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic microorganisms that literally share our body space. (Commensalism is a class of relationships between two organisms where one organism benefits without affecting the other's parts.) An adult human is said to host over ten times as many (very tiny) bacterial cells as human cells, representing between a few hundred grams and fourteen hundred grams. These are sometimes referred to as the forgotten organ and which are vital for our survival and wellbeing. We need a broad spectrum of Probiotic Bacteria in and on our bodies to promote good health. We also have a wide selection of important viruses in our Guts. In one gram of faeces there are 100M bacteria, 100M viruses, skin cells, yeasts and other fungi –so it is not just the bacteria. The relationship between the makeup of a person’s microbiota and their immune systems function, nutritional health, body form and obesity, plus disease incidence such as MS, Crones disease,¨IBS¨ and Parkinson’s disease are all now under detailed study by Scientists, globally.